Producer & Director
Cathleen O'Connell

Dan Crow

Richard Ray Whitman (Yuchi)

Cathleen O'Connell and Dan Crow

Consulting Producer
Billy Luther (Navajo, Hopi and Laguna Pueblo)

Stephen McCarthy
John Paulson
Rob Gatti
Cathleen O'Connell

John V. Davis
Chuck Bejarano
Tom Williams

Original Music composed by
John Kusiak
Kenny Kusiak

Drums: Seth Botos
Flute: Jill Dreeben
Trombone and Tuba: David Harris
Banjo, Bass, Guitar and Synth: Kenny Kusiak
Piano and Synth: John Kusiak
Trumpet: Mike Peipman

Additional Editing
Stephanie Boutin
Glenn Fukushima
Cathleen O'Connell

Archival Research
Raquel Chapa (Lipan Apache/Yaqui/Cherokee)
Cathleen O'Connell

Alisa Placas Frutman
Ann Marie Nee

Sound Design & Mix
Richard Bock

Color Correction
Dave Allen

Tim Crow
Thomas Scoville

Archival Footage & Stills

Alaska State Library
Arizona Historical Foundation
Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society
Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle, Pa
F.I.L.M Archive
Fort Mojave Tribal Band
Getty Images
Harry Ransom Center, The University of Texas at Austin
Kansas State Historical Society
Library of Congress
Marquette University, Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Digital Image Collection, numbers 10858, 11460, and 11461
Meserve-Kunhardt Foundation
Milstein Division of United States History, Local History & Genealogy, The New York Public Library, Lenox and Tilden Foundations
Moving Image Research Collections
Onondaga Historical Association
National Archives
Navajo Nation Band
Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture/Eastern Washington State Historical Society, Spokane, Washington, Libby and Sons Collection L87-1. 31554-23
Neil Patterson Sr.
Penobscot Nation Cultural & Historic Preservation Department
Printup Family
John Troutman
U.S. Army Military History Institute
Union Pacific Railroad Museum
University of Iowa, Redpath Collection
Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries
Todd Westika
Wisconsin Historical Society
Yale Collection of Western Americana, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Birdsong #3 for Brass
Birdsong Transcription by Matt Margucci
Performed by members of the Fort Mojave Indian Band

Special Thanks

The Fort Mojave Tribal Band
The Iroquois Indian Band
Navajo Nation Band
Zuni Tribal Band
Mt. St. Mary's Hospital
Stephanie Boutin
Tara Browner
Margaret Carsley
Philip DeLoria
Alexandra de Gonzales
Rayna Green
Laura Longsworth
Billy Luther
Leah Mahan
Daniel McCabe
Vicky Monks
R. Carlos Nakai
Sandrine Sheon
Paul Taylor
John Troutman
Krista Thomas
Susi Walsh


Kickstarter Angels

Josh Clark
Edward O'Connell
Gary Sundown
George Wilson

Julie Bare
Maureen Barillaro
Alison Bassett
Jane Beal
Robert Boulrice
Stephanie Boutin
Karen Cariani
Joyce Corlett
Dan Crow
Richard Elliott
Peter Frumkin
Glenn Fukushima
Andy Gersh
Sharon Grimberg
Sarah Guistini
Brigid Hagan
Beth Harrington
Virginia Johnson/Gather Here
Peggy Lentz
Caskie Lewis-Clapper
Laura Longsworth
Brittney Lower
Hugh Mackay
Katy Massingill Manck
Ellen McBreen
Marilyn McCabe
Stephen McCarthy
Agnes McLaughlin
Dave & Kathy O'Connell
Elizabeth Portaro
Lauren Prestileo
Suzanne Ridgway
Elise Ruggles
James Rutenbeck
Sandrine Sheon
Molly Sedlik
Nancy Sherman
Tara Sundown
Caroline Toth
Susan Trabucchi
Brian Truglio
Catharine Wall
Jamila Wignot
Lorna Wilkerson & Michael Mushlitz
Callie Wiser
Jessie Anne Wright
Jeanette Woods
Nancy Vineberg

Executive Producer for NAPT
Shirley K. Sneve

This program is a co-production of
Native American Public Telecommunications and
the Center for Independent Documentary
with major funding provided by
the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. 

©Desert Penguin Pictures, MMCII.

In memory of Llew and Betty Barrackman